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613 Mitzvot

Vows, Oaths and Swearing, The Sabbatical and Jubilee Years, The Court and Judicial Procedure, Injuries and Damages, Property and Property Rights, Criminal Laws, Punishment and Restitution

Each mitzvah is color coded, green indicates the commandments that should still be followed, Yellow indicates ceremonial law that applies to Jews, and can be followed by Gentile G-d Fearers, Orange indicates the commandment can no longer be followed.  No highlight indicates it is subject to debate. 

Vows, Oaths and Swearing

  1. That a man should fulfill whatever he has uttered (Deut. 23:24).
  2. Not to swear needlessly (Ex. 20:7).
  3. Not to violate an oath or swear falsely (Lev. 19:12).
  4. To decide in cases of annulment of vows, according to the rules set forth in the Torah (Num. 30:2-17).
  5. Not to break a vow (Num. 30:3).
  6. To swear by His name truly (Deut. 10:20).
  7. Not to delay in fulfilling vows or bringing vowed or free-will offerings (Deut. 23:22).

The Sabbatical and Jubilee Years

  1. To let the land lie fallow in the Sabbatical year (Ex. 23:11; Lev. 25:2).
  2. To cease from tilling the land in the Sabbatical year (Ex. 23:11) (Lev. 25:2).
  3. Not to till the ground in the Sabbatical year (Lev. 25:4) (negative).
  4. Not to do any work on the trees in the Sabbatical year (Lev. 25:4).
  5. Not to reap the aftermath that grows in the Sabbatical year, in the same way as it is reaped in other years (Lev. 25:5).
  6. Not to gather the fruit of the tree in the Sabbatical year in the same way as it is gathered in other years (Lev. 25:5).
  7. To sound the Ram's horn in the Sabbatical year (Lev. 25:9).
  8. To release debts in the seventh year (Deut. 15:2).
  9. Not to demand return of a loan after the Sabbatical year has passed (Deut. 15:2).
  10. Not to refrain from making a loan to a poor man, because of the release of loans in the Sabbatical year (Deut. 15:9).
  11. To assemble the people to hear the Torah at the close of the seventh year (Deut. 31:12).
  12. To count the years of the Jubilee by years and by cycles of seven years (Lev. 25:8).
  13. To keep the Jubilee year holy by resting and letting the land lie fallow (Lev. 25:10).
  14. Not to cultivate the soil nor do any work on the trees, in the Jubilee Year (Lev. 25:11).
  15. Not to reap the aftermath of the field that grew of itself in the Jubilee Year, in the same way as in other years (Lev. 25:11).
  16. Not to gather the fruit of the tree in the Jubilee Year, in the same way as in other years (Lev. 25:11).
  17. To grant redemption to the land in the Jubilee year (Lev. 25:24).

The Court and Judicial Procedure

  1. To appoint judges and officers in every community of Israel (Deut. 16:18).
  2. Not to appoint as a judge, a person who is not well versed in the laws of the Torah, even if he is expert in other branches of knowledge (Deut. 1:17).
  3. To adjudicate cases of purchase and sale (Lev. 25:14).
  4. To judge cases of liability of a paid depositary (Ex. 22:9).
  5. To adjudicate cases of loss for which a gratuitous borrower is liable (Ex. 22:13-14).
  6. To adjudicate cases of inheritances (Num. 27:8-11).
  7. To judge cases of damage caused by an uncovered pit (Ex. 21:33-34).
  8. To judge cases of injuries caused by beasts (Ex. 21:35-36).
  9. To adjudicate cases of damage caused by trespass of cattle (Ex. 22:4).
  10. To adjudicate cases of damage caused by fire (Ex. 22:5).
  11. To adjudicate cases of damage caused by a gratuitous depositary (Ex. 22:6-7).
  12. To adjudicate other cases between a plaintiff and a defendant (Ex. 22:8).
  13. Not to curse a judge (Ex. 22:27).
  14. That one who possesses evidence shall testify in Court (Lev. 5:1).
  15. Not to testify falsely (Ex. 20:13).
  16. That a witness, who has testified in a capital case, shall not lay down the law in that particular case (Num. 35:30).
  17. That a transgressor shall not testify (Ex. 23:1).
  18. That the court shall not accept the testimony of a close relative of the defendant in matters of capital punishment (Deut. 24:16).
  19. Not to hear one of the parties to a suit in the absence of the other party (Ex. 23:1).
  20. To examine witnesses thoroughly (Deut. 13:15).
  21. Not to decide a case on the evidence of a single witness (Deut. 19:15).
  22. To give the decision according to the majority, when there is a difference of opinion among the members of the Sanhedrin as to matters of law (Ex. 23:2).
  23. Not to decide, in capital cases, according to the view of the majority, when those who are for condemnation exceed by one only, those who are for acquittal (Ex. 23:2).
  24. That, in capital cases, one who had argued for acquittal, shall not later on argue for condemnation (Ex. 23:2).
  25. To treat parties in a litigation with equal impartiality (Lev. 19:15).
  26. Not to render iniquitous decisions (Lev. 19:15).
  27. Not to favor a great man when trying a case (Lev. 19:15).
  28. Not to take a bribe (Ex. 23:8).
  29. Not to be afraid of a bad man, when trying a case (Deut. 1:17).
  30. Not to be moved in trying a case, by the poverty of one of the parties (Ex. 23:3; Lev. 19:15).
  31. Not to pervert the judgment of strangers or orphans (Deut. 24:17).
  32. Not to pervert the judgment of a sinner (a person poor in fulfillment of commandments) (Ex. 23:6).
  33. Not to render a decision on one's personal opinion, but only on the evidence of two witnesses, who saw what actually occurred (Ex. 23:7) .
  34. Not to execute one guilty of a capital offense, before he has stood his trial (Num. 35:12).
  35. To accept the rulings of every Supreme Court in Israel (Deut. 17:11).
  36. Not to rebel against the orders of the Court (Deut. 17:11).

Injuries and Damages

  1. To make a parapet for your roof (Deut. 22:8).
  2. Not to leave something that might cause hurt (Deut. 22:8)
  3. To save the pursued even at the cost of the life of the pursuer (Deut. 25:12).
  4. Not to spare a pursuer, but he is to be slain before he reaches the pursued and slays the latter, or uncovers his nakedness (Deut. 25:12).

Property and Property Rights

  1. Not to sell a field in the land of Israel in perpetuity (Lev. 25:23).
  2. Not to change the character of the open land (about the cities of) the Levites or of their fields; not to sell it in perpetuity, but it may be redeemed at any time (Lev. 25:34).
  3. That houses sold within a walled city may be redeemed within a year (Lev. 25:29).
  4. Not to remove landmarks (property boundaries) (Deut. 19:14) (CCN85).
  5. Not to swear falsely in denial of another's property rights (Lev. 19:11) (CCN30).
  6. Not to deny falsely another's property rights (Lev. 19:11) (CCN36).
  7. Never to settle in the land of Egypt (Deut. 17:16).
  8. Not to steal personal property (Lev. 19:11).
  9. To restore that which one took by robbery (Lev. 5:23).
  10. To return lost property (Deut. 22:1).
  11. Not to pretend not to have seen lost property, to avoid the obligation to return it (Deut. 22:3).

Criminal Laws

  1. Not to slay an innocent person (Ex. 20:13).
  2. Not to kidnap any person of Israel (Ex. 20:13).
  3. Not to rob by violence (Lev. 19:13).
  4. Not to defraud (Lev. 19:13).
  5. Not to covet what belongs to another (Ex. 20:14).
  6. Not to crave something that belongs to another (Deut. 5:18).
  7. Not to indulge in evil thoughts and sights (Num. 15:39).

Punishment and Restitution

  1. That the Court shall pass sentence of death by decapitation with the sword (Ex. 21:20; Lev. 26:25).
  2. That the Court shall pass sentence of death by strangulation (Lev. 20:10).
  3. That the Court shall pass sentence of death by burning with fire (Lev. 20:14).
  4. That the Court shall pass sentence of death by stoning (Deut. 22:24).
  5. To hang the dead body of one who has incurred that penalty (Deut. 21:22).
  6. That the dead body of an executed criminal shall not remain hanging on the tree over night (Deut. 21:23).
  7. To inter the executed on the day of execution (Deut. 21:23).
  8. Not to accept ransom from a murderer (Num. 35:31).
  9. To exile one who committed accidental homicide (Num. 35:25).
  10. To establish six cities of refuge (for those who committed accidental homicide) (Deut. 19:3).
  11. Not to accept ransom from an accidental homicide, so as to relieve him from exile (Num. 35:32).
  12. To decapitate the heifer in the manner prescribed (in expiation of a murder on the road, the perpetrator of which remained undiscovered) (Deut. 21:4).
  13. Not to plow nor sow the rough valley (in which a heifer's neck was broken) (Deut. 21:4).
  14. To adjudge a thief to pay compensation or (in certain cases) suffer death (Ex. 21:16; Ex. 21:37; Ex. 22:1).
  15. That he who inflicts a bodily injury shall pay monetary compensation (Ex. 21:18-19).
  16. To impose a penalty of fifty shekels upon the seducer (of an unbetrothed virgin) and enforce the other rules in connection with the case (Ex. 22:15-16).
  17. That the violator (of an unbetrothed virgin) shall marry her (Deut. 22:28-29).
  18. That one who has raped a damsel and has then (in accordance with the law) married her, may not divorce her (Deut. 22:29).
  19. Not to inflict punishment on Shabbat (Ex. 35:3) (because some punishments were inflicted by fire).
  20. To punish the wicked by the infliction of stripes (Deut. 25:2).
  21. Not to exceed the statutory number of stripes laid on one who has incurred that punishment (Deut. 25:3) (and by implication, not to strike anyone).
  22. Not to spare the offender, in imposing the prescribed penalties on one who has caused damage (Deut. 19:13).
  23. To do unto false witnesses as they had purposed to do (to the accused) (Deut. 19:19).
  24. Not to punish any one who has committed an offense under duress (Deut. 22:26).
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